Retail Inflation Eased To 6.71% In July, Lowest Since March


Retail inflation eased to below 7% in July, held above RBI’s target for seven months

Retail inflation eased to an annual 6.71 per cent in July, the lowest since March, but above the upper limit of the Reserve Bank of India’s target range for seven straight months.

In June, inflation held above 7 per cent for the third month in a row, at 7.01 per cent from a year ago. 

Last month, easing food prices – which account for nearly half of the consumer price index basket – and fuel costs helped lower the pace of increase in price pressures.

Indeed, according to the data, food inflation in July 2022 moderated to 6.75 per cent, compared to 7.75 per cent in June.

The bulk of the slowdown comes from recession fears, which have lowered global commodity prices, with the international oil benchmark, Brent crude, is down about 9 per cent for the month, hitting pre-Ukraine crisis lows, and below $100 a barrel.

That slowdown is also because of the lagged reflection of the fuel tax cut. Government interventions to reduce import duties and restrictions on wheat exports helped too. 

Still, consumer price rises are expected to persist at a strong pace in the months ahead, with the RBI’s projections pointing to inflation remaining above its upper end of the 2-6 per cent target range.

The near-term inflation outlook is still quite uncertain because the government’s efforts to rein in consumer price increases may be less effective due to the unevenness of this year’s rainfall and a weak 

The government has mandated the central bank to keep retail inflation at 4 per cent, with a tolerance level of plus or minus 2 per cent of that rate, which is 2-6 per cent.

With the inflation outlook elevated, the RBI was forced to hike its key repo rate for the first time in four years, lifting it by 40 basis points (bps) in an off-cycle meeting in May, a follow-up 50 basis points increase in June, and another larger-than-predicted 50 basis points this month, taking the repo rate to 5.40 per cent.

The repo rate is the rate at which RBI lends money to commercial banks and the latest inflation data suggests interest rates are set to keep rising.

Earlier this month, the central bank kept its inflation projection for the current financial year unchanged at 6.7 per cent and said retail inflation would remain above the upper tolerance level of 6 per cent through the first three quarters of 2022-23.

In the August Monetary Policy Statement, the RBI’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) noted that the “spillovers from geopolitical shocks are imparting considerable uncertainty to the inflation trajectory. More recently, food and metal prices have come off their peaks. International crude oil prices have eased in recent weeks but remain elevated and volatile on supply concerns even as the global demand outlook is weakening.”

The government hopes to control price-rise now that key factors are favourable again, sources said on Thursday, adding that India is “set to be world’s fastest growing economy this year and the next”.

The sources added that the government also intends to eventually “do away with income tax exemptions” and “look at ways to strengthen the system.” 

Separately, data by the National Statistical Office (NSO) on Friday showed industrial production rose 12.3 per cent in June 2022 from a year ago, compared with a 19.6 per cent increase in May.

Industrial production was hit due to the coronavirus pandemic in March 2020, when it had contracted 18.7 per cent and shrank 57.3 per cent in April 2020 due to a decline in economic activities in the wake of the lockdown imposed to curb the spread of coronavirus infections.

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